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International Symposium on the Return of Bees to Overcome the Climate Crisis – Conference on the 28th of June

As part of the “International Symposium on the Return of Bees to Overcome the Climate Crisis”, experts, delegations, and organizations came together on the 28th of June to discuss sustainable beekeeping technologies and the role of beekeepers in climate change.

The symposium on the Return of Bees to Overcome the Climate Crisis was held at the Iris Hall at the Korean Science and Technology Center in Gangnam, Seoul. Dr. Hyunah Choi and Minjae Baek of Hanns Seidel Foundation were co-organizing this event with the Slovenian Embassy in Seoul and the Korean Rural Corporation.

Dr. Peter Kozmus continued the presentation about beekeeping status and technology in Slovenia, a beekeeper, scientist, and vice president of Apimondia. The Slovenian Beekeeper’s Association in Slovenia was founded in 1873 and since then has supported, helped, and educated beekeepers and interested people. To spread awareness, educational events with schools are conducted and Api-tourism is being supported.

The conference continued with the presentation of Dr. Zheguang Lin from China. The number of honeybee colonies in China is steadily rising and makes up 9.3% of the global total colony number of honeybees. Prof. Lin has done studies about the effects of local domestication warrant attention in honeybee population genetics and highlights the negative influences on honeybees such as human management, agrochemicals, urbanization, climate change, and microorganisms.

 

The second invited speaker was Dr. Pham Hong Thai from Vietnam presenting on the beekeeping status in Vietnam and the challenges and opportunities in beekeeping. Prof. Thai introduces the diverse kinds of bees, their habitat, and types of bee hives. Especially interesting were the methods of hunting honey that is located hanging on big rocks, forcing the farmers to use hanging ladders several meters above the ground to reach the honey.

 

Mr. Yeruult Tumenjargal is a beekeeper from Mongolia brought to the listeners' attention how significantly the change in nature and climate can affect bees and their behavior. A nomadic lifestyle is still present nowadays in Mongolia, shaped by extreme weather conditions and expansive open spaces. The beekeeping community is expanding steadily, welcoming traditional nomadic herders and city dwellers into the industry. Due to the surroundings, constant mobility is crucial for maximizing honey production, therefore every season the hives are brought to a different location.

 

Dr. Ryo Kohsaka from Japan, presents the bee honey production and ecological knowledge: Knowledge transmission for sustainable NTFP production. Main problems in Japan are rapid land use change, climate change, expansion of invasive species, and diseases. In his research, he tries identifying mechanism of the expansion of the diseases, and human interventions with relevant knowledge to prevent the expansion of negative influences.

We again want to thank the Slovenian Embassy and the KRC for organizing the event with us and the speakers for the engagement in sharing their knowledge and experiences.